Freeman Dyson

Freeman Dyson numa palestra sobre vida nas luas de Júpiter, Neptuno, no Cinturão de Kuiper, e até na Nuvem de Oort.

(cliquem sobre “subtitles”, e escolham legendas em português)

2 comentários

    • Dinis Ribeiro on 07/04/2015 at 10:24
    • Responder


    Physicists Describe New Class of Dyson Sphere

    Physicists have overlooked an obvious place to search for shell-like structures constructed around stars by advanced civilizations to capture their energy.

    Back in 1960, the physicist Freeman Dyson publish an unusual paper in the journalScience entitled “Search for Artificial Stellar Sources of Infra-red Radiation.” In it, he outlined a hypothetical structure that entirely encapsulates a star to capture its energy, which has since become known as a Dyson sphere. /

    ( Nota: … e embora actualmente ausente desta lista cima das “Esferas de Dyson” na Ficção Científica, para mim, a própria Estrela da Morte do Universo “Star Wars” poderia ser considerada como semelhante a uma estrutura “do tipo” das Esferas de Dyson:

    Rever: / /

    Na natureza: When seen from certain angles, Mimas resembles the Death Star, a fictional space station known from the film Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, which is said to be roughly 140 kilometres in diameter. Herschel resembles the concave disc of the Death Star’s “superlaser”.

    This is coincidental, as the film was made nearly three years before Herschel was discovered.

    In 2012, a proposal on the White House’s web site urging the United States government to build a real Death Star as an economic stimulus and job creation measure gained more than 25,000 signatures, enough to qualify for an official response.)

    Voltando ao artigo em questão:

    The basic idea is that all technological civilizations require ever greater sources of energy. Once the energy of their home planet has been entirely exhausted, the next obvious source is the mother star.

    So such a civilization is likely to build a shell around its star that captures the energy it produces.

    Of course, such a sphere must also radiate the energy it absorbs and this would produce a special signature in the infrared part of the spectrum. Such a source of infrared radiation would be entirely unlike any naturally occurring one and so provide a unique way of spotting such as advanced civilization.

    Finally, these red giants explode leaving behind either a black hole, a neutron star, or a white dwarf. Every star with a mass less than about four times our Sun’s is destined for this final option. So as time goes on, a significant fraction of the stars in the universe should be white dwarfs.

    Semiz and Ogur argue that any civilization that evolves during its sun’s main sequence and then finds a way to survive the red giant and supernova stages, will also probably find a way to create a Dyson sphere around the surviving white dwarf. For that reason, they suggest that these stars may be more likely to host such a structure.

    What’s more, a white dwarf is a better host for a Dyson sphere.

    Semiz and Ogur point out that the habitable zone around a white dwarf is closer to the star, so such a sphere would be smaller.

    They calculate that a one-meter-thick sphere built in the habitable zone around a white dwarf would require some 10^23 kilograms of matter, just a little less than the mass of our moon.

    And because the sphere is smaller, the gravity that anybody on the surface would experience would be stronger as well, almost Earth-like. That makes these kinds of Dyson spheres ideal homes for technologically advanced civilizations with at least a passing resemblance to our own.

    There is one apparent disadvantage, however. Since white dwarfs emit less energy than Sun-like stars, a Dyson sphere around one would be much less luminous. And that would make it more difficult to detect. So if any civilizations in the Milky Way have reached this stage, it is going to be much harder for us to spot them.

    That’s an interesting extension to the many analyses on Dyson spheres that have already been completed.

    And if it does map out a potential future for humanity, at least we have time on our hands. The Sun will eventually swell to form a red giant and ultimately explode leaving behind a white dwarf but we have about five billion years to come up with a survival plan.

  1. Este blog foi a melhor descoberta q fiz na internet nos últimos tempos!
    Espero q nunca deixem d atualizar e postar estas matérias superinteressantes!
    Obrigado pela cultura e ciência fornecida!

Deixe uma resposta

O seu endereço de email não será publicado.

Este site utiliza o Akismet para reduzir spam. Fica a saber como são processados os dados dos comentários.